|Principal Investigator:||Daniel G. Schroeder, PhD|
|Sponsor:||National Center for Health Statistics|
|Project Duration:||March 2009 – September 2012|
|Description:||The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has conducted the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) continuously since 1999. One of the major components of NHANES is the nutrition and dietary component. A recent National Academies panel on Enhancing the Data Infrastructure in Support of Food and Nutrition Programs recommended linking the NHANES data with food assistance and other related program records to more fully understand decisions that the population makes on food consumption and to guide policy makers. NCHS has decided to link 2005-2008 NHANES data with Food Stamp Program and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families administrative records in Texas. If additional funds become available, NCHS will also link 2005-2008 NHANES data with Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and Unemployment Insurance Wage File Reports in Texas.
Under the project, the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources at the University of Texas in Austin will perform the linkage of records. After the linkage has occurred, statistical analyses will be conducted. The analyses will assess the participation in food program assistance and the effects of long term participation as it relates to food consumption and nutrition. In addition, the analyses will assess the accuracy of collecting this information in a self reported survey compared to the results of record linkage to an administrative database. The results from this linkage analysis will help gain understanding for future food and nutrition-related policy planning in the United States and perhaps future linkage projects.
|Principal Investigators:||Robert W. Glover, PhD|
|Sponsor:||WorkSource: The Greater Austin Workforce Development Board|
|Research Partners:||Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce, Austin Community College|
|Project Duration:||September 2006 – August 2008|
|Description:||The Ray Marshall Center is conducting an evaluation of a pilot project to enhance educational offering in biotechnology at Austin Community College. Specializations in biotechnical instrumentation and in molecular diagnostics are being developed and implemented in collaboration with industry through a series of teacher externships. In addition, the college is developing a one-semester program in Biotechnology Preparation to provide job applicants with applied skills to access entry-level jobs in biotechnology. Faculty from three ACC departments are involved in this initiative: Electronics, Biotechnology, and Medical Laboratory Technician.
The Ray Marshall Center evaluation is considering both process issues and outcomes of the demonstration. The project will monitor implementation of the project, examining whether implementation was carried out as planned, and if changed, how and why. The evaluation will document the project’s results, assess to what extent the goals and outcomes of the project were accomplished, how well the project served its targeted audiences and constituencies, the measurable returns on investment of the project, and what lessons can be learned from the experience.
This pilot project is funded by the Texas Workforce Commission under its program “Meeting Industries’ Critical Workforce Needs” in biotechnology and administered by WorkSource: The Greater Austin Workforce Development Board. The program aims to foster workforce development for jobs in industry clusters targeted for economic development by Texas and by the Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce.
|Reports Available:||Evaluation of the Austin Biotech Workforce Education Consortium
Author: Robert W. Glover
Date: February 2009
Publication Type: Report, 68pp.
Austin Biotech Workforce Education Consortium: First Year Report
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher T. King, PhD|
|Sponsor:||Texas Association of Workforce Boards|
|Project Duration:||September 2007 – August 2008|
|Description:||Researchers at the Ray Marshall Center are providing research and technical expertise to the Texas Association of Workforce Boards (TAWB) to update and refine the methodology for estimating the return on investment (ROI) from workforce services and to produce ROI estimates for Texas as a whole and up to 26 of the 28 workforce areas in the state. As part of the project, the researchers will also develop a guide to ROI estimation for use by the boards subsequent to this analysis. Center researchers demonstrated the feasibility of using a simple ROI estimation methodology and in 2003, producing “first-approximation,” taxpayer-perspective ROI estimates for 18 participating workforce areas as well as a composite board ROI estimate. The current project will improve on the earlier work in a number of important respects:
||Returns from Investments in Workforce Services: Texas Statewide Estimates for Participants, Taxpayers and Society
Authors: Christopher T. King, Ying Tang, Tara Carter Smith, and Daniel G. Schroeder; with assistance from Burt S. Barnow
Date: August 2008
Publication Type: Report, 50pp.
|Principal Investigators:||Daniel Schroeder, PhD|
|Sponsor:||National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture|
|Research Partners:||The Johns Hopkins University, The George Washington University|
|Project Duration:||November 2005 – July 2008|
|Description:||The project will conduct studies of food stamp, welfare, and employment dynamics using matched data from the “Three City Study” and administrative records from various governmental welfare and employment sources. It has a data collection goal and an analysis goal. The data collection goal is to gather administrative records from TANF, Food Stamps, Unemployment Insurance earnings records, and several other public assistance and social service agencies on the families in the survey, to match them to the survey, and to develop a restricted use file that could be made available to other authorized researchers. The analysis goal is to use the matched data to conduct primary analyses of food stamp, welfare, and employment dynamics using state of the art econometric methods and to conduct a series of additional substantive and methodological analyses. These additional analyses include a study of methods of efficient estimation models which use the survey data and the universe of administrative data; a study of the seam problem in event history surveys; an examination of the effects of work requirements, time limits, and sanctions on welfare use and employment outcomes; studies of food and financial hardships among families; and studies of welfare participation of children of immigrants, employment patterns of Latinas, aging low income mothers, and social service use. The researchers at the Ray Marshall Center will participate mainly in data collection tasks, using administrative data from the state of Texas to: (1) develop research files describing families’ food stamp, welfare, and other program experiences and histories of their UI-covered earnings, and (2) link these data to information from the “Three City Study.” The researchers will also assist with other analysis tasks, as time and interest allow, and may develop their own analysis projects with the data.|
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher T. King, PhD|
|Sponsor:||Goodwill Industries International|
|Project Duration:||February 2008 – June 2008|
|Description:||The purpose of this research program is to assist Goodwill Industries International (GII) in developing a broader and deeper understanding of the employment and earnings outcomes, both short-term and long-term, of workforce development clients of Goodwill Industries of Central Texas. The goals of this research are to (1) develop a partnership between the Ray Marshall Center and GII in conducting joint research that will extend and enhance our knowledge of the earnings and employment experiences of workforce development clients over periods of several years after program service, and how these experiences differ from their earnings and employment experiences prior to program service and/or among different groups of clients; (2) provide relevant and useful information for management decision-making; (3) provide useful aggregate information that can be shared with other Goodwill members and workforce development service providers regarding the design of workforce development programs; and (4) demonstrate cost-effective data sources and analysis methods for providing information on client outcomes.|
|Principal Investigator:||Daniel Schroeder, PhD
|Sponsor:||W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research|
|Project Duration:||June 2007 – April 2008|
|Description:|| This project presents a revised analysis plan to investigate linkages between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Unemployment Insurance (UI). Using administrative data from a group of four large states, this study extends our understanding about the use of UI by recent TANF leavers. Data from the following states are analyzed: Florida, Ohio, Michigan, and Texas. Samples from all four states will be analyzed for 2000 TANF receipt cohorts. These samples include TANF recipients in calendar year 2000 who exit from TANF for employment by the first calendar quarter of 2001. Analysis will be conducted on earlier and later TANF exit cohorts as data is available for other states. The two alternative TANF exit time frames are: (1) TANF receipt 1997Q2 to 1998Q1 and exit by 1998Q2, and (2) TANF receipt 2002Q1 to 2002Q4 and exit by 2003Q1. Based on data for the Florida 2000 cohort, this report presents a blueprint for analysis of all cohorts by presenting tables and charts to answer questions posed in the draft analysis plan. The sections and sub-sections of this revised analysis plan correspond to the overview of research questions listed in Table 1. An overview of data available to investigate these research questions is given in Table 2.
Analysis of UI and TANF use is primarily based on data provided through the Administrative Data Analysis and Research (ADARE) consortium. Additional data for this project was provided directly to the Upjohn Institute by some states. Data for Michigan was provided to the Institute outside ADARE.
|Principal Investigators:||Robert W. Glover, PhD, Christopher T. King, PhD|
|Sponsor:||WorkSource: The Greater Austin Workforce Development Board|
|Research Partners:||CommunitySync, Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce|
|Project Duration:||March 2007 – December 2007|
|Description:||The Ray Marshall Center is conducting research on the future of manufacturing in the Greater Austin Area, in collaboration with industry and community representatives. The goal of the project is to facilitate economic development and to alleviate any identified critical skills shortages in Austin’s manufacturing industries. A key focus of the project is skilled and technician occupations.
The project collaborates with interested employers in the selected manufacturing industries to verify the shortages, examine root causes, and seek practical solutions to alleviate the potential shortages.
Project results will be documented in a Critical Skills report for three selected manufacturing industries, including sections on contributing factors and root causes of the shortages, and solutions tailored for each manufacturing industry as well as cross-industry recommendations for action. The solutions analysis will also assess the applicability of existing E-learning systems in training delivery. The end result for Central Texas should be improved productivity for employers, as well as enhanced labor market success for area residents.
|Reports Available:||Manufacturing Skills Initiative
Authors: Robert W. Glover and Suzanne Hershey
Date: December 2007
Publication Type: Report, 87pp.
|Principal Investigator:||Deanna T. Schexnayder, MBA|
|Sponsor:||Austin Independent School District|
|Project Duration:||October 2003 – September 2007|
|Description:||This three-year demonstration project, operating in five high schools and seven middle schools in the Austin Independent School District, will identify and eliminate variables which prevent high-ability, low-income students from enrolling in pre-advanced placement (AP) and AP courses. The project goals are to increase the proportion of low-income students who: (1) are enrolled in AP classes, and (2) score 3 or higher on AP exams.|
|Reports Available:||Project SOS (Supporting Optimal Scholarship) Evaluation: Final Impact Report
Authors: Deanna Schexnayder, Daniel Schroeder, Greg Cumpton, and Kelly Stewart Nichols
Date: August 2007
Publication Type: Report, 42pp.
|Principal Investigators:||Christopher T. King, PhD|
|Sponsor:||City of Austin, Health and Human Services Department|
|Project Duration:||July 2006 – April 2007|
|Description:||The City of Austin makes numerous investments in workforce development activities each year with local tax dollars, primarily emphasizing longer-term training and support services, offerings that have typically been constrained under federal program rules. The City has asked the Ray Marshall Center to conduct an evaluation of these activities. The evaluation is organized into two areas of focus: (1) the Rapid Employment Model project, and (2) other workforce development services.
Rapid Employment Model
The Rapid Employment Model (REM), a collaborative effort of Travis County, the City, WorkSource-The Greater Austin Workforce Board, and area workforce service providers, aims to decrease the time that disadvantaged/indigent residents are out of work through partnerships with employment and training providers to connect these individuals to jobs and opportunities for career advancement.
Process Evaluation: The process evaluation will document REM implementation. Service and training providers will be profiled to provide an overall picture of who they serve; what services/training they provide; typical client flows; and other information deemed relevant to the study.
Outcomes Evaluation: The outcomes evaluation will document the results of participation, including the number of clients served; the number completing training and related services; the number placed in employment; wages earned; and other outputs/outcomes determined largely through linked administrative data. It also seeks to validate outcomes data now reported by individual service providers to WorkSource and the City.
Other Workforce Development Services
As resources allow, the evaluation will also examine the impact of the City’s investments in other workforce development services, including: services to youth, support services such as child care, and collaborative activities.
|Reports Available:||Local Investments in Workforce Development: Initial Evaluation Findings
Authors: Tara Carter Smith, Christopher T. King, Daniel G. Schroeder.
Date: December 2007
Publication Type: Report, 43pp.
|Principal Investigator:||Deanna T. Schexnayder, MBA
|Sponsor:||U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Child Care Bureau|
|Research Partners:||Chapin Hall Center for Children, University of Chicago; U.S. Census Bureau; National Center for Children in Poverty; The Jacob France Institute, University of Baltimore|
|Project Duration:||October 2004 – March 2007|
|Description:||Although billions of dollars are spent each year on child care subsidies to help low-income, working families, researchers are only beginning to understand whether and how child care subsidies influence employment. Recent research, funded by the Child Care Bureau and conducted by the principal investigators in this study, has demonstrated that the child care subsidy (CCS) plays an important role in supporting family self-sufficiency by increasing employment duration among current and former Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients. The project proposes to extend this work by analyzing subsidy use and employment and welfare outcomes among all low-income families in Illinois, Maryland, and Texas—not just those with TANF histories. The primary questions are how employment and welfare outcomes differ between those who use child care subsidies and those who do not, and how these outcomes differ for different groups of low-income families. The researchers will also use the fact that child care subsidy policies vary by state to explore how outcomes vary by policies and practices, thereby advancing our understanding of the contexts that promote family well-being. By collaborating with the U.S. Census Bureau and using individual-level census records, the researchers will be able to overcome past data restrictions that have impeded study of the entire low-income population in a state. The project will result in a more comprehensive model of CCS use that will allow policymakers to better estimate CCS need and to understand the relation between take-up and outcomes. The researchers will share the model and benchmarks with interested states at a roundtable discussion hosted by Child Care and Early Education Research Connections.|