|Principal Investigator:||Heath J. Prince, PhD|
|Sponsor(s):||The Annie E. Casey Foundation|
|Project Duration:||November 2016 – October 2017
|Description:||There is a growing base of evidence demonstrating that sector strategies can produce positive outcomes for lower-income workers in terms of employment, income, and career advancement outcomes. At the same time, despite gains in recent decades, significant racial gaps in median income and labor market participation persist, with African Americans and Latinos working and earning less, on average, that Non-Hispanic Whites. As such, sector initiatives would appear to have promise as an important tool for advancing racial equity. Yet, the majority of sector partnerships presently discuss their work as “population neutral,” leading some observers to ask whether the lack of a more explicit racial equity goal among more sector initiatives is a missed opportunity.
The Ray Marshall Center, along with Workforce Matters (a consulting firm that provides innovative strategies and workforce solutions), are proposing to launch a partnership to explore via a survey and series of interviews 1) If and how existing sector partnerships are addressing race equity issues; and 2) The most promising practices among those initiatives that are doing so.
For more information, please see sectorsforequity.org.
On February 3rd, RMC Senior Research Scientist Dr. Chris King traveled to Philadelphia, PA, to give a keynote talk “Two-Generation Antipoverty Strategies: The Why, What, Who and How” and to participate in a strategy discussion for the United Way of Greater Philadelphia and Southern New Jersey.
RMC Senior Research Scientist Dr. Chris King presented a keynote talk “The Promise of Emerging 2-Generation Antipoverty Strategies” at The College for Behavioral Health Leadership’s 2-Gen Summit held at Lifeworks, Austin, TX on January 25, 2017. The Austin summit, titled “Dialogue 1: Expanding our Boundaries – Connecting Causes and Consequences,” is the first in a series of three events being held to address issues in the health care environment, opening dialogues to address core leadership capabilities essential to the future.
Directed by LBJ School of Public Affairs doctoral student and former Ray Marshall Center graduate research assistant Christina N. Caramanis, 2G: Raising Families out of Poverty in the 21st Century follows the nascent efforts of community leaders, policy makers, and academics across disciplinary lines putting together a vision for antipoverty policy and programs that focus on the real needs of today’s American family. Highlighting the struggles of Austin’s large Spanish-speaking immigrant demographic, Margarita Guerrero Guerrero gives a firsthand account of the daily challenges she faces raising five children in a cramped two-bedroom house in South Austin. Margarita dreams of one day gaining the skills needed to get a high-paying job to support her family. Meanwhile, Ray Marshall Center Senior Research Scientist Dr. Chris King and Austin ISD Early Childhood Director Dr. Jacquie Porter take us through both national and local 2Gen efforts currently underway.
The aim of the short video is to spread the word—from politicians and policymakers all the way down to single mothers working paycheck to paycheck with little hope for a way out—that there is a better way to start rebuilding the dream and fulfilling the promise of a better tomorrow for our children and families, an approach that simultaneously addresses the needs of both children and their parents. You can view the video below or by going here.
Several RMC researchers attended the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management’s (APPAM) 2016 Fall Research Conference, The Role of Research in Making Government More Effective, held at the Washington Hilton in DC from Nov. 3-5. Dr. Heath Prince along with Dr. Chris King, Dr. Daniel Schroeder, Ashweeta Patnaik, and Sam Storey were all in attendance, with Chris, Daniel, and Ashweeta presenting some of their work as detailed below.
Social Science Research Associate Ashweeta Patnaik presented two posters. The first poster, presented on Nov. 3rd, highlighted the findings from the Center’s impact evaluation of the Gulf Coast IT Pathways project. In addition to sharing findings regarding the program’s impacts on participants’ education and labor market outcomes, she also focused on the challenges associated with evaluating a large multi-state consortium initiative. Her second poster, presented on Nov. 5th, highlighted the findings from the Center’s impact evaluation of Project GROW. Ms. Patnaik shared how the complex design of the demonstration project (which included multiple sites, differentiated service delivery and multiple program offerings) influenced the impact evaluation design and analysis, along with the evaluation’s findings regarding the program’s impacts on participants’ education and labor market outcomes.
Research Scientist Dr. Daniel Schroeder presented a paper on Nov. 4th demonstrating the success of a near-universal child support system known as the Texas Integrated Child Support System (ICSS). His presentation was part of a panel discussion “Noncustodial Fathers’ Contributions: Recent Trends and Consequences of Child Support Policy in the United States.”
Senior Research Scientist Dr. Chris King organized and chaired a roundtable on “Global Perspectives on Policies to Protect Workers” on Nov. 5th. Professors Hastings and Heyes from Sheffield University’s WOERRC, as well as Karen Livingston with the U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division and Ludek Rychly with the International Labour Office in Geneva, presented at the roundtable. Ms. Livingston is an LBJ alum (Class of ’02) and a past president of the LBJ School Alumni Association.
On Nov. 1st, Dr. Chris King hosted a Ray Marshall Center seminar on “Flexicurity in the EU” given by Professors Thomas Hastings and Jason Heyes of the Sheffield University Management School’s Work Organisation and Employment Relations Research Centre (WOERRC), a research center aimed at generating and disseminating high-quality research “that has the potential to inform and shape academic debates and influence policy and practice.” The seminar was based on their paper titled “Farewell to flexicurity? Austerity and labour policies in the European Union” (see abstract below), which was first published in the Economic and Industrial Democracy journal in March 2016. You can view their presentation here.
Dr. King is part of the Sheffield University/University of Texas at Austin’s Study Abroad program that supports inter-university collaborations across the globe. He presented a seminar in March 2016 in England as part of this program.
Abstract: For the past decade the European Commission has urged EU member states to pursue ‘flexicurity’ policies aimed at achieving employment growth and social inclusion. However, the economic crisis and turn to austerity across the EU has presented the flexicurity model with a substantial challenge. Their paper argues that since 2008 labour policies across the EU have exhibited shared tendencies, but support for measures that might contribute to the achievement of the security aspects of flexicurity has been substantially weakened. In developing this argument, the paper presents findings from a cluster analysis and detailed investigations of labour policies in EU member countries. The paper also discusses the implications of the findings for comparative institutional analysis. Differences in the approaches of countries that are commonly treated as members of the same institutional family are highlighted, as well as similarities in the policies adopted by countries commonly associated with different ‘varieties’ of capitalism.
Dr. Thomas M. Hastings is a Lecturer in HRM and Organisational Behaviour at the Work, Organisation and Employment Relations Research Centre (WOERRC) at Sheffield University Management School. He is also Associate Fellow at the Sheffield Political Economy Research Institute (SPERI). His research interests include economic geography, labour geography, labour process theory and labour market regulation.
Mr. Jason Heyes is a Professor of Employment Relations and Director of the Work, Organisation and Employment Relations Research Centre (WOERRC) at Sheffield University Management School. His current research interests include labour market regulation and the changing structure of European labour markets.
On Oct. 27th, RMC Director and Research Scientist Dr. Heath Prince presented a paper to the attendees of the Evaluation 2016 conference hosted by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) at the Atlanta Marriott Marquis in Atlanta, GA. The paper, “Addressing Youth Unemployment: An Evaluation of Post-Arab Spring Policies and Programs in 5 MENA Countries,” was discussed during an International and Cross Cultural Evaluation session on lessons from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.
Dr. Chris King participated in the Ascend Program’s Convening on “Advancing Solutions for Children and Families” in Aspen Oct. 5-7. He is part of a working group helping draft an Ascend working paper “Postsecondary Education and Student Parents: A Two-Generation Approach for Educational Success and Economic Empowerment” that will be published by the Aspen Institute in the coming months. Chris is an inaugural Ascend Fellow, one of a select group of 20 leaders from across the country who are pioneering two-generation approaches to move families beyond poverty.
Dr. Chris King gave a keynote talk on “The Promise of Emerging Two-Generation Strategies” at the Siemer Institute Summit at the Hilton DFW Lakes Executive Center on Sept. 21st. The Summit was attended by United Way grantees of the Siemer Foundation from more than 40 communities around the country. You can view his presentation here.
RMC researchers Cynthia Juniper and Heath Prince co-authored a report that has recently been added to the Southern Illinois University-Carbondale’s Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development (OJWED). The report, Behavioral Economics and Workforce Development: A Review of the Literature from Labor Economics and the Broader Field, is intended to explore the strengths and limitations of applying tools of behavioral sciences to increase the participation and completion rate of training for lower-wage, front-line incumbent workers in ways that benefit both workers and sponsoring firms. You can view OJWED’s publication here.