|Principal Investigator:||Deanna Schexnayder, MBA|
|Sponsor:||U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Texas Health and Human Services Commission (formerly Texas Department of Human Services)|
|Research Partner:||Texas Health and Human Services Commission (formerly Texas Department of Human Services)|
|Description:||Using random assignment in sites around the state of Texas, this evaluation project analyzes the net impact of time limits, the personal responsibility agreement, increased resource limits and other features of the 1995 Texas welfare reform legislation (HB 1863) on a number of outcomes. Impacts of these reforms will be measured for the following client and family outcomes: welfare dynamics, economic self sufficiency, participation in workforce development services, education and immunization of children, access to subsidized child care, and use of child protective services. Net impacts will be measured over a five-year period.|
|Reports Available:||Achieving Change for Texans Demonstration Waiver Evaluation: Net Impacts Through December 1997
Authors: Deanna T. Schexnayder, Jerome A. Olson, Daniel G. Schroeder, Alicia Betsinger, and Shao Chee Sim
Date: December 1998
Publication Type: Report, 69pp.
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Final Summary Report
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Final Summary Report (presentation)
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Final Impact Report
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Final Process Evaluation Report, by the Office of Planning, Evaluation and Project Management, Texas Department of Human Services (January 2003). For printed copies, contact Debora Morris, Texas Department of Human Services, (512)438-3353.
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Understanding Time Limits: Supplement to the Final Process Evaluation Report, by the Office of Planning, Evaluation and Project Management, Texas Department of Human Services (January 2003). For printed copies, contact Debora Morris, Texas Department of Human Services, 512/438-3353.
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Texans Who Receive a One-time Benefit: The Year After, by Laura Lein, Karen Douglas, Susan Jacquet, Audrey Steiner, Greg Ellis, and Veronica De La Garza, Center for Social Work Research, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin (January 2003). For printed copies, contact Debora Morris, Texas Department of Human Services, (512)438-3353.
Achieving Change for Texans: Evaluation of the Texas Welfare Reform Waiver: Texans Who Timed Out of Welfare: The Year After, by Laura Lein, Karen Douglas, Audrey Steiner and Greg Ellis, Center for Social Work Research, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin (January 2003). For printed copies, contact Debora Morris, Texas Department of Human Services, (512)438-3353.
|Principal Investigator:||Daniel G. Schroeder, PhD
|Sponsors:||U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce|
|Research Partner:||Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago|
|Project Duration:||July 2008 – December 2013|
|Description:||The Demonstration of Administrative Records Improving Surveys (DARIS) research project will show the value of administrative records to Census Bureau demographic surveys. Initially, the project will focus on the two test states of Illinois and Texas. Later, the project may expand to other states. The objective of the project is to demonstrate methods of integrating data from surveys and administrative records, produce data sets that more accurately represent the target population’s characteristics than survey data alone, conduct experiments in disclosure-proofing hybrid data sets, and document feasibility. Results of the analysis will also be used to improve Census surveys, which many program administrators and researchers use to estimate the shares of eligible populations that actually participate in the government programs.|
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher T. King, PhD|
|Sponsor:||U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration|
|Research Partners:||Capital Research Corporation, Johns Hopkins University, Institute for Policy Studies, National Association of State Workforce Agencies/Center for Employment Security Education and Research, The Urban Institute|
|Project Duration:||April 2009 – June 2012|
|Description:||States face a range of policy and fiscal challenges as they try to meet the demands of the severe economic recession and implement the recently enacted American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This project examines the types of policy actions states take in their workforce development and unemployment insurance systems to meet these challenges. The goal is to measure state progress and challenges in implementing the workforce and unemployment insurance provisions of ARRA, to highlight new and promising practices, and to provide technical assistance.
The Ray Marshall Center and its partners are conducting this research through several mechanisms. First, the National Association of State Workforce Agencies conducted online surveys in fall 2009 and will conduct a second round in fall 2010. Second, researchers will conduct two rounds of site visits to 20 states and two local workforce investment agencies per state. Finally, researchers will analyze data that states provide to the Department of Labor on the delivery of workforce services to determine differences between pre- and post- ARRA implementation.
|Reports Available:||Implementation of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Workforce Development and Unemployment Insurance Provisions
Date: October 2012
Publication Type: Final Report, 374 pp.
Publisher: Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration
Early Implementation of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Workforce Development and Unemployment Insurance Provisions Interim Report
|Principal Investigator:||Daniel G. Schroeder, PhD|
|Sponsor:||National Center for Health Statistics|
|Project Duration:||March 2009 – September 2012|
|Description:||The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has conducted the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) continuously since 1999. One of the major components of NHANES is the nutrition and dietary component. A recent National Academies panel on Enhancing the Data Infrastructure in Support of Food and Nutrition Programs recommended linking the NHANES data with food assistance and other related program records to more fully understand decisions that the population makes on food consumption and to guide policy makers. NCHS has decided to link 2005-2008 NHANES data with Food Stamp Program and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families administrative records in Texas. If additional funds become available, NCHS will also link 2005-2008 NHANES data with Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and Unemployment Insurance Wage File Reports in Texas.
Under the project, the Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources at the University of Texas in Austin will perform the linkage of records. After the linkage has occurred, statistical analyses will be conducted. The analyses will assess the participation in food program assistance and the effects of long term participation as it relates to food consumption and nutrition. In addition, the analyses will assess the accuracy of collecting this information in a self reported survey compared to the results of record linkage to an administrative database. The results from this linkage analysis will help gain understanding for future food and nutrition-related policy planning in the United States and perhaps future linkage projects.
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher T. King, PhD|
|Sponsor:||Texas Association of Workforce Boards|
|Project Duration:||September 2007 – August 2008|
|Description:||Researchers at the Ray Marshall Center are providing research and technical expertise to the Texas Association of Workforce Boards (TAWB) to update and refine the methodology for estimating the return on investment (ROI) from workforce services and to produce ROI estimates for Texas as a whole and up to 26 of the 28 workforce areas in the state. As part of the project, the researchers will also develop a guide to ROI estimation for use by the boards subsequent to this analysis. Center researchers demonstrated the feasibility of using a simple ROI estimation methodology and in 2003, producing “first-approximation,” taxpayer-perspective ROI estimates for 18 participating workforce areas as well as a composite board ROI estimate. The current project will improve on the earlier work in a number of important respects:
||Returns from Investments in Workforce Services: Texas Statewide Estimates for Participants, Taxpayers and Society
Authors: Christopher T. King, Ying Tang, Tara Carter Smith, and Daniel G. Schroeder; with assistance from Burt S. Barnow
Date: August 2008
Publication Type: Report, 50pp.
|Principal Investigators:||Robert W. Glover, PhD|
|Sponsor:||WorkSource: The Greater Austin Workforce Development Board|
|Research Partners:||Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce, Austin Community College|
|Project Duration:||September 2006 – August 2008|
|Description:||The Ray Marshall Center is conducting an evaluation of a pilot project to enhance educational offering in biotechnology at Austin Community College. Specializations in biotechnical instrumentation and in molecular diagnostics are being developed and implemented in collaboration with industry through a series of teacher externships. In addition, the college is developing a one-semester program in Biotechnology Preparation to provide job applicants with applied skills to access entry-level jobs in biotechnology. Faculty from three ACC departments are involved in this initiative: Electronics, Biotechnology, and Medical Laboratory Technician.
The Ray Marshall Center evaluation is considering both process issues and outcomes of the demonstration. The project will monitor implementation of the project, examining whether implementation was carried out as planned, and if changed, how and why. The evaluation will document the project’s results, assess to what extent the goals and outcomes of the project were accomplished, how well the project served its targeted audiences and constituencies, the measurable returns on investment of the project, and what lessons can be learned from the experience.
This pilot project is funded by the Texas Workforce Commission under its program “Meeting Industries’ Critical Workforce Needs” in biotechnology and administered by WorkSource: The Greater Austin Workforce Development Board. The program aims to foster workforce development for jobs in industry clusters targeted for economic development by Texas and by the Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce.
|Reports Available:||Evaluation of the Austin Biotech Workforce Education Consortium
Author: Robert W. Glover
Date: February 2009
Publication Type: Report, 68pp.
Austin Biotech Workforce Education Consortium: First Year Report
|Principal Investigators:||Daniel Schroeder, PhD|
|Sponsor:||National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture|
|Research Partners:||The Johns Hopkins University, The George Washington University|
|Project Duration:||November 2005 – July 2008|
|Description:||The project will conduct studies of food stamp, welfare, and employment dynamics using matched data from the “Three City Study” and administrative records from various governmental welfare and employment sources. It has a data collection goal and an analysis goal. The data collection goal is to gather administrative records from TANF, Food Stamps, Unemployment Insurance earnings records, and several other public assistance and social service agencies on the families in the survey, to match them to the survey, and to develop a restricted use file that could be made available to other authorized researchers. The analysis goal is to use the matched data to conduct primary analyses of food stamp, welfare, and employment dynamics using state of the art econometric methods and to conduct a series of additional substantive and methodological analyses. These additional analyses include a study of methods of efficient estimation models which use the survey data and the universe of administrative data; a study of the seam problem in event history surveys; an examination of the effects of work requirements, time limits, and sanctions on welfare use and employment outcomes; studies of food and financial hardships among families; and studies of welfare participation of children of immigrants, employment patterns of Latinas, aging low income mothers, and social service use. The researchers at the Ray Marshall Center will participate mainly in data collection tasks, using administrative data from the state of Texas to: (1) develop research files describing families’ food stamp, welfare, and other program experiences and histories of their UI-covered earnings, and (2) link these data to information from the “Three City Study.” The researchers will also assist with other analysis tasks, as time and interest allow, and may develop their own analysis projects with the data.|
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher T. King, PhD|
|Sponsor:||Goodwill Industries International|
|Project Duration:||February 2008 – June 2008|
|Description:||The purpose of this research program is to assist Goodwill Industries International (GII) in developing a broader and deeper understanding of the employment and earnings outcomes, both short-term and long-term, of workforce development clients of Goodwill Industries of Central Texas. The goals of this research are to (1) develop a partnership between the Ray Marshall Center and GII in conducting joint research that will extend and enhance our knowledge of the earnings and employment experiences of workforce development clients over periods of several years after program service, and how these experiences differ from their earnings and employment experiences prior to program service and/or among different groups of clients; (2) provide relevant and useful information for management decision-making; (3) provide useful aggregate information that can be shared with other Goodwill members and workforce development service providers regarding the design of workforce development programs; and (4) demonstrate cost-effective data sources and analysis methods for providing information on client outcomes.|
|Principal Investigator:||Daniel Schroeder, PhD
|Sponsor:||W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research|
|Project Duration:||June 2007 – April 2008|
|Description:|| This project presents a revised analysis plan to investigate linkages between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Unemployment Insurance (UI). Using administrative data from a group of four large states, this study extends our understanding about the use of UI by recent TANF leavers. Data from the following states are analyzed: Florida, Ohio, Michigan, and Texas. Samples from all four states will be analyzed for 2000 TANF receipt cohorts. These samples include TANF recipients in calendar year 2000 who exit from TANF for employment by the first calendar quarter of 2001. Analysis will be conducted on earlier and later TANF exit cohorts as data is available for other states. The two alternative TANF exit time frames are: (1) TANF receipt 1997Q2 to 1998Q1 and exit by 1998Q2, and (2) TANF receipt 2002Q1 to 2002Q4 and exit by 2003Q1. Based on data for the Florida 2000 cohort, this report presents a blueprint for analysis of all cohorts by presenting tables and charts to answer questions posed in the draft analysis plan. The sections and sub-sections of this revised analysis plan correspond to the overview of research questions listed in Table 1. An overview of data available to investigate these research questions is given in Table 2.
Analysis of UI and TANF use is primarily based on data provided through the Administrative Data Analysis and Research (ADARE) consortium. Additional data for this project was provided directly to the Upjohn Institute by some states. Data for Michigan was provided to the Institute outside ADARE.
|Principal Investigators:||Robert W. Glover, PhD, Christopher T. King, PhD|
|Sponsor:||WorkSource: The Greater Austin Workforce Development Board|
|Research Partners:||CommunitySync, Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce|
|Project Duration:||March 2007 – December 2007|
|Description:||The Ray Marshall Center is conducting research on the future of manufacturing in the Greater Austin Area, in collaboration with industry and community representatives. The goal of the project is to facilitate economic development and to alleviate any identified critical skills shortages in Austin’s manufacturing industries. A key focus of the project is skilled and technician occupations.
The project collaborates with interested employers in the selected manufacturing industries to verify the shortages, examine root causes, and seek practical solutions to alleviate the potential shortages.
Project results will be documented in a Critical Skills report for three selected manufacturing industries, including sections on contributing factors and root causes of the shortages, and solutions tailored for each manufacturing industry as well as cross-industry recommendations for action. The solutions analysis will also assess the applicability of existing E-learning systems in training delivery. The end result for Central Texas should be improved productivity for employers, as well as enhanced labor market success for area residents.
|Reports Available:||Manufacturing Skills Initiative
Authors: Robert W. Glover and Suzanne Hershey
Date: December 2007
Publication Type: Report, 87pp.