|Principal Investigator:||Daniel Schroeder, PhD
|Sponsor:||Joint Center for Poverty Research, Food Assistance Research Small Grants Program|
|Project Duration:||July 2005 – December 2006|
|Description:||Legislative reforms in the food stamp and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs in the 1990s, together with a booming economy and the Earned Income Tax Credit, led to dramatic increases in employment among single mothers and smaller increases among other low-income families. The deterioration of the economy after 2000, however, has raised again the question of the adequacy of the safety net for nonworking families. This study will examine the extent of support from government programs, especially food stamps, among nonworking families, but with a focus on a program that has not received much research attention: the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program. The UI program is of interest because the increases in employment among disadvantaged families in the 1990s should have been expected to increase eligibility for benefits. This, in turn, may have led to greater receipt of UI in the recent downturn and to less reliance on food stamps, given that the latter program is also aimed, in part, at serving unemployed families during downturns. The researchers will use an administrative data set from the state of Texas containing information on food stamp, TANF, and UI recipients over the period 1996 to 2005 to investigate these questions.
The study will document the incidence of different kinds of assistance receipt, especially during the downturn, giving particular attention to the relationship between food stamps and UI benefits (how many individuals receive one but not the other, both, neither); will estimate event history models to determine whether receipt of UI leads to reduced entry and increased exit from the food stamp program; will examine how the nature of food stamp and UI spells changed as the Texas economy moved from expansion to recession to recovery; and will estimate the effects of such receipts on income from earnings, UI, and welfare.
|Reports Available:||Food Stamps, Unemployment Insurance, and the Safety Net
Author: Daniel Schroeder
Date: May 2007
Publisher: The Harris School of Public Policy Studies at the University of Chicago
Publication Type: Report, 43pp. (Harris School Working Paper Series 07.15)
|Principal Investigators:||Christopher T. King, PhD and Ying Tang|
|Sponsor:||United Way Capital Area|
|Project Duration:||November 2005 – December 2006|
|Description:||The Ray Marshall Center at the University of Texas at Austin (RMC) is conducting a research project to assist the United Way Capital Area (UWCA) develop a Community Agenda on health and human services within the 10-county Capital Area region. The research is designed to lead to a synthesis of existing information and stakeholder perspectives on the priorities in health and human services. Specifically, RMC is charged as follows:
Phase I: Identify, collect and analyze existing regional data on the state of major health and human services issues, indicators and demographic trend; and
Phase II: Gauge the perspectives of major stakeholders across the ten-county area regarding major issues, root causes, solutions and prospects for health and human services.
The Ray Marshall Center will produce a data analysis report as a result of Phase I work. The data analysis report will present major indicators of demographic trends, several indicators under important issue areas related to health and human services, a summary listing of the issues or priority issues previously identified by stakeholders through community assessment or planning processes in recent years, and a number of regional and county-specific highlights based on data and issues analysis.
The report of the Phase II work will be a summary of findings based on analysis of input from different types of stakeholders in the ten counties. Specifically, stakeholder input is sought on the following topics:
To the extent possible, the Phase II report will also attempt to compare the issues and priorities that loom largest in the perspectives of the stakeholders and comparable data points on such issues and priorities.
|Reports Available:||A Profile of the Capital Area Community: A Data Analysis Report for the United Way Capital Area
Authors: Ying Tang, Suzanne Hershey, Christopher T. King, Erin Brown, and Katie Ryan
Date: March 2006
Publication Type: Report, 100pp.
A Profile of the Capital Area Community: A Profile of the Capital Area: A Regional Summary
Toward Equity for All: Findings from Stakeholder Input on the Capital Area Community Agenda Project
Toward Equity for All: Findings From Stakeholder Input on the Capital Area Community Agenda Project (Executive Summary)
Community Agenda Project Findings and Recommendations
|Principal Investigator:||Deanna T. Schexnayder, MBA
|Sponsor:||Center for Economic and Policy Research|
|Research Partners:||Center for Social Policy, University of Massachusetts, Boston; and Center for Urban Economic Development, University of Illinois at Chicago|
|Project Duration:||January 2005 – March 2006|
|Description:||The “Bridging the Gap”Pilot Study has the following goals:
The Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources will produce a preliminary report on the major findings in Texas. RMC will subsequently conduct outreach activities, which will include briefings for advocates and provider organizations in Texas, in order to present preliminary findings and generate feedback from advocates.
|Reports Available:||Bridging the Gaps
Authors: Deanna Schexnayder and Heather Boushey
Date: February 2006
Publication Type: PowerPoint presentation, 16pp.
Texas Economic Supports for Working Families: A Product of the Bridging the Gaps Project
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher T. King, PhD and Peter Mueser|
|Sponsor:||W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research|
|Research Partner:||University of Baltimore|
|Description:||Christopher T. King and University of Missouri-Columbia economics professor Peter Mueser received a grant from the W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research in 1999, supplementing funding from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Employment and Training Administration, to prepare a book on welfare-to-work transitions in six, very diverse urban areas around the country: Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago, Ft. Lauderdale, Houston and Kansas City (MO). King, director of the Ray Marshall Center and the Hogg Professor of Urban Management at the LBJ School, and Mueser completed their research in 2004. The Upjohn Institute published the book, Welfare and Work: Experiences in Six Cities in February 2005.|
|Principal Investigators:|| Christopher T. King, PhD
|Research Partners:||Rockefeller Institute of Government/The Research Foundation of State University of New York|
|Project Duration:||May 2001 – August 2002|
|Description:||Researchers at the Ray Marshall Center provided state analysis and annual updates regarding cash assistance, job training, Medicaid, and other social services in Texas. These reports combined with those of researchers in other states to produce national studies regarding the capacity of state government administrators and program operators to efficiently manage services in an era characterized by the devolution of increased responsibility for human services from the federal government to states and localities. The current analyses concerned recent changes in TANF cash assistance and work programs, which were followed by a study of the design and implementation of the Food Stamp program in Texas. The studies were conducted under the direction of Richard Nathan at SUNY-Albany through a field network of Rockefeller Institute Associates in selected states.|
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher King, PhD|
|Sponsor:||Texas Health and Human Services Commission (formerly Texas Department of Health and Human Services)|
|Project Duration:||July 2000 – August 2000|
|Description:||Researchers prepared a benefit/cost analysis of the proposed comprehensive Texas Health and Human Services Information & Referral Network under contract with the Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC). The analysis will assist HHSC and other policymakers who will decide the State’s role and level of commitment regarding the implementation of a comprehensive, public/private I&R Network statewide.|
|Reports Available:||The Value of a Comprehensive Texas Information and Referral Network: August 2000 Update
Authors: Daniel O’Shea, Leah Kegler, and Christopher T. King
Date: August 2000
Publication Type: Report, 10pp.
The Value of a Comprehensive Texas Information and Referral Network